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Gender differences in autobiographical memory: females latently express communality more than do males
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4280-4301
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 2044-5911, E-ISSN 2044-592X, Vol. 31, no 7, p. 651-664Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Gender differences have been found in several aspects of autobiographical memory (i.e. personally experienced events). For example, previous studies have shown that females’ autobiographical memories contain more communal and emotional expressions than do males. However, an important question concerns whether these differences can be observed both in the manifest content (i.e. what is actually said) and in the latent content (i.e. the underlying meaning of what is said). In the present exploratory study, we extended the current knowledge concerning gender differences in autobiographical memory by investigating the manifestly expressed words, as well as the latently expressed words in autobiographical memory descriptions. We observed an overall gender difference in the latent content of the autobiographical memories. Furthermore, females latently described their memories in more communal terms than males did. No other gender differences were found. Our results indicate that females’ autobiographical memories are more communally oriented than male's.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 31, no 7, p. 651-664
Keywords [en]
Autobiographical memory, gender differences, LSA, LIWC, content analysis
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-172503DOI: 10.1080/20445911.2019.1659281ISI: 000484572000001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-172503DiVA, id: diva2:1347770
Available from: 2019-09-02 Created: 2019-09-02 Last updated: 2019-12-09Bibliographically approved

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P. Karlsson, KristinaJönsson, Fredrik U.Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
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