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Arabidopsis PLDs with C2-domain function distinctively in hypoxia
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
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Number of Authors: 52019 (English)In: Physiologia Plantarum: An International Journal for Plant Biology, ISSN 0031-9317, E-ISSN 1399-3054, Vol. 167, no 1, p. 90-110Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Hypoxia (oxygen deprivation) causes metabolic disturbances at physiological, biochemical and genetic levels and results in decreased plant growth and development. Phospholipase D (PLD)-mediated signaling was reported for abiotic and biotic stress signaling events in plants. To investigate the participatory role of PLDs also in hypoxia signaling, we used wild type of Arabidopsis thaliana and 10 pld isoform mutants containing C2-domain. Hypoxia-induced changes in three major signaling players, namely, cytosolic free calcium (Ca-cyt(2+)), reactive oxygen species (ROS) and phosphatidic acid (PA), were determined in mesophyll protoplasts. The Ca-cyt(2+) and ROS levels were monitored by fluorescence microscopy and confocal imaging, while PA levels were quantified by an enzymatic method. Our findings reveal that the elevations of cytosolic calcium and PA are reduced in all the 10 mutants dysfunctional in PLD isoforms. The hypoxia-related changes in both calcium and ROS show different kinetic patterns depending on the type of PLD studied. Pharmacological experiments confirm that both external and internal sources contribute to calcium and ROS accumulation under hypoxia. PLD alpha 1-3, PLD beta 1 and PLD gamma 1-3 are likely involved in calcium signaling under hypoxia as well as in PA production, while all investigated PLDs, except for PLD gamma 3, take part in ROS elevation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 167, no 1, p. 90-110
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Biological Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-171939DOI: 10.1111/ppl.12874ISI: 000478917400008PubMedID: 30417386OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-171939DiVA, id: diva2:1349045
Available from: 2019-09-06 Created: 2019-09-06 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved

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Premkumar, AlbertLindberg, SylviaRasmussen, UllaSchulz, Alexander
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