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Simple Categorization of Human Figure Drawings at 5 Years of Age as an Indicator of Developmental Delay
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Number of Authors: 42019 (English)In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423, E-ISSN 1751-8431, Vol. 22, no 7, p. 479-486Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To elucidate the association between developmental stage of human figure drawing(HFD) and fine motor control, visual perception, and further investigate its potential to be used for screening developmental delay. Methods: Participants were 301 children at 51/2 years of age, 176 born preterm and 125 at term, whose HFDs were categorized into six developmental stages. Motor-Free-Visual-Perception Test, Movement-ABC, Performance Intelligence Quotient (PIQ: Wechsler Scale), and the Visual-Motor Integration test were used. Fine motor functions were explored using ImageJ. Results: Age-expected HFDs were drawn by 87% of the children, while 13%, mostly preterm boys, drew immature ones. Stages of HFD were related to both PIQ and Movement-ABC. Visuomotor control and visual perception significantly explained the HFD. The sensitivity and specificity of HFD as a screening tool was moderate to good. Conclusions: HFD is influenced by visual perception and visuomotor control and can be used for screening developmental delay at preschool age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 22, no 7, p. 479-486
Keywords [en]
Developmental delay, human figure drawing, fine motor control, preterm children, visual perception
National Category
Neurosciences Neurology Pediatrics Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-172950DOI: 10.1080/17518423.2018.1532969ISI: 000482942200006PubMedID: 30332545OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-172950DiVA, id: diva2:1352288
Available from: 2019-09-18 Created: 2019-09-18 Last updated: 2019-09-18Bibliographically approved

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