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The fifth force in the local cosmic web
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC). Technische Universität München, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4677-5843
Number of Authors: 42019 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 483, no 1, p. l64-L68Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Extensions of the standard models of particle physics and cosmology often lead to long-range fifth forces with properties dependent on gravitational environment. Fifth forces on astrophysical scales are best studied in the cosmic web where perturbation theory breaks down. We present constraints on chameleon-and symmetron-screened fifth forces with Yukawa coupling and megaparsec range - as well as unscreened fifth forces with differential coupling to galactic mass components - by searching for the displacements they predict between galaxies' stars and gas. Taking data from the Alfalfa HI survey, identifying galaxies' gravitational environments with the maps of Desmond et al. and forward modelling with a Bayesian likelihood framework, we set upper bounds on fifth-force strength relative to Newtonian gravity from similar to few x 10(-4) (1 sigma) for range lambda(C) = 50 Mpc, to similar to 0.1 for lambda(C) = 500 kpc. In f(R) gravity this requires f(R0) <= few x 10(-8). The analogous bounds without screening are similar to few x 10(-4) and few x 10(-3). These are the tightest and among the only fifth-force constraints on galaxy scales. We show how our results may be strengthened with future survey data and identify the key features of an observational programme for furthering fifth-force tests beyond the Solar system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 483, no 1, p. l64-L68
Keywords [en]
gravitation, galaxies: kinematics and dynamics, galaxies: statistics, cosmology: theory
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-173068DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/sly221ISI: 000482178200013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-173068DiVA, id: diva2:1352359
Available from: 2019-09-18 Created: 2019-09-18 Last updated: 2019-09-18Bibliographically approved

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Desmond, HarryJasche, Jens
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