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Tuning in on motivation: Differences between non-musicians, amateurs, and professional musicians
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Royal College of Music, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3845-3545
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Number of Authors: 52019 (English)In: Psychology of Music, ISSN 0305-7356, E-ISSN 1741-3087, Vol. 47, no 6, p. 864-873Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The drive to learn and engage in music varies among individuals. Global motivation to do something can be intrinsic, for example, the joy and satisfaction in an activity. But motivation behind our action can also be extrinsic, such as the desire for fame, status or increased financial resources. The type of motivation probably influences to what degree individuals engage in musical activities. In this study, we examined the associations between the level of musical engagement and self-rated global motivation, factoring in age and sex, in a sample of 5,435 individuals. Musical engagement ranged from no music activity to amateurs and professional musicians. We found that intrinsic motivation increases with level of music activity and that motivation differs depending on sex, with females scoring higher on intrinsic motivation than males. Such differences may be considered in adjusting the forms of support offered to young musicians in music education. The phenomenon of motivation is complex, and we have highlighted areas that require further investigation, but this study has elucidated some differences in motivation types found in men and women, and between non-musicians, amateurs and professional musicians.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 47, no 6, p. 864-873
Keywords [en]
Motivation, music, personality, sex differences, self-compassion
National Category
Psychology Music
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-173155DOI: 10.1177/0305735619861435ISI: 000482791900001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-173155DiVA, id: diva2:1353974
Available from: 2019-09-24 Created: 2019-09-24 Last updated: 2019-12-10Bibliographically approved

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