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The Causal Effects of Military Conscription on Crime
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2019 (English)In: The Economic Journal, ISSN 0013-0133, Vol. 129, no 622, p. 2522-2562Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We study the causal effect of mandatory military conscription in Sweden on the criminal behaviour of men born in the 1970s. We find that military service significantly increases post-service crime (overall and across multiple crime categories) between the ages of 23 and 30. These results are driven primarily by young men who come from low socioeconomic status households and those with pre-service criminal histories, despite evidence of a contemporaneous incapacitation effect of service for the latter group. Much of this crime-inducing effect can be attributed to negative peer effects experienced during service. Worse post-service labour market outcomes may also matter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 129, no 622, p. 2522-2562
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-173530DOI: 10.1093/ej/uez014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-173530DiVA, id: diva2:1354475
Available from: 2019-09-25 Created: 2019-09-25 Last updated: 2019-10-03Bibliographically approved

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