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Stay or leave the Police? A longitudinal examination of turnover among younger police officers in Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology. Swedish Defence Universiy, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8213-1391
2019 (English)In: Abstract Book of the 19th European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology Congress: Working for the greater good - Inspiring people, designing jobs and leading organizations for a more inclusive society, 2019, p. 1262-1262, article id 839Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Turnover increases among Police officers in Sweden. This is coupled with the Police force facing higher demands. The resulting recruitment of new officers is time-consuming and expensive, and also indicates the need to reduce turnover rates. Thus, increasing turnover rates are important, but knowledge regarding police turnover is limited. This study aims to understand voluntary police turnover among younger officers in a European setting.

Design/Methodology/Approach/Intervention: Using a sample of Swedish police officers (N = 720) and data from three time-points (application to the police education–2008, first work year–2011, and seven years of work–2017), we followed a two-step approach. First, we performed univariate comparisons between stayers and leavers. Then we predicted turnover-status by hierarchical logistic regression.

Results: Findings revealed low but increasing annual turnover rates. Some differences  emerged  between stayers and leavers. Regression analyses showed organizational commitment to be the most important long-term predictor of turnover, outperforming predictors such as educational level, job satisfaction, and turnover intention.

Limitations: Since data were not originally designed to examine turnover, not all potentially relevant variables were included.

Research/Practical Implications: This study emphasizes early career organizational commitment as an important predictor of long-term retention among police officers. Low associations between turnover intention and actual turnover suggest a need to address reluctant stayers. Further, findings suggest selection being of limited value in preventing police turnover.

Originality/Value: This is the first larger study that examines turnover among police officers in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. p. 1262-1262, article id 839
Keywords [en]
police, turnover, Sweden
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-174690OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-174690DiVA, id: diva2:1359188
Conference
19th European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology Congress, Turin, Italy, May 29-June 1, 2019,
Available from: 2019-10-08 Created: 2019-10-08 Last updated: 2019-10-14Bibliographically approved

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