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Impact of human disturbance on the biogeochemical silicon cycle in a coastal sea revealed by silicon isotopes
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm University Baltic Sea Centre.
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Number of Authors: 62019 (English)In: Limnology and Oceanography, ISSN 0024-3590, E-ISSN 1939-5590Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Biogeochemical silicon (Si) cycling in coastal systems is highly influenced by anthropogenic perturbations in recent decades. Here, we present a systematic study on the distribution of stable Si isotopes of dissolved silicate (delta Si-30(DSi)) in a highly eutrophic coastal system, the Baltic Sea. Besides the well-known processes, diatom production and dissolution regulating delta Si-30(DSi) values in the water column, we combined field data with a box model to examine the role of human disturbances on Si cycling in the Baltic Sea. Results reveal that (1) damming led to increased delta Si-30(DSi) values in water but had little impacts on their vertical distribution; (2) decrease in saltwater inflow due to enhanced thermal stratification had negligible impacts on the delta Si-30(DSi) distribution. An atypical vertical distribution of delta Si-30(DSi) with higher values in deep water (1.57-1.95 parts per thousand) relative to those in surface water (1.24-1.68 parts per thousand) was observed in the central basin. Model results suggest the role of enhanced biogenic silica (BSi) deposition and subsequently regenerated dissolved silicate (DSi) flux from sediments. Specifically, eutrophication enhances diatom production, resulting in elevated exports of highly fractionated BSi to deep water and sediments. In situ sedimentary geochemical processes, such as authigenic clay formation, further fractionate Si isotopes and increase pore-water delta Si-30(DSi) values, which then leads to pore-water DSi flux carrying higher delta Si-30(DSi) compositions into deep water. Our findings provide new quantitative information on how the isotope-based Si cycle responds to human perturbations in coastal seas and shed lights on shifts of Si export to open ocean.

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2019.
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Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Biological Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-174850DOI: 10.1002/lno.11320ISI: 000486339300001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-174850DiVA, id: diva2:1361150
Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2019-10-16

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