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The Sarmatian Tribe as a Potestary Structure
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm Numismatic Institute.
Number of Authors: 22019 (Russian)In: Stratum plus, ISSN 1608-9057, no 4, p. 389-400Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [ru]

The article aims to discuss the sociological attributions of Sarmatian cultural groups referred to in written sources as epsilon theta voc gamma epsilon voc (in Greek) and natio, gens (in Latin). These terms are the legacy of two potestary structures, namely the tribe and the chiefdom. Archaeological evidence makes it possible to reconstruct local groupings of burial mounds dating back to the Sarmatian period and to describe Sarmatian tribal communities in terms of potestary structures. This article seeks to focus on the concept of the tribe, its meaning and its functions. The tribe is then compared to the chiefdom, with structural and functional differences between the two concepts being viewed as quite substantial. The concept of a 'Sarmatian tribe' is legitimate and expedient enough to apply to decentralized nomadic communities, whose material culture does not reflect the criteria of chiefdom.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. no 4, p. 389-400
Keywords [en]
Sarmatians, tribe, chiefdom, Early Sarmatian culture, Middle Sarmatian culture, written and archaeological sources
National Category
History and Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-174998ISI: 000484121300022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-174998DiVA, id: diva2:1361279
Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2019-10-15Bibliographically approved

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