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Effort in Memory Retrieval Predicts Accuracy in Eyewitness Testimonies
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Cognitive psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4280-4301
2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Do sincere eyewitness testimonies contain objective markers of accuracy? Despite the importance of evaluating the accuracy of verbal eyewitness testimonies, the evidence for objective measures are scarce, and current accuracy measures unsatisfactory. We demonstrate that expressed effort during memory retrieval can predict accuracy in honest eyewitnesses. Incorrect memories are recalled with greater effort (e.g. more delays and disfluencies) than correct memories.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
eyewitness accuracy, retrieval effort, metacognition
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-175225OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-175225DiVA, id: diva2:1361435
Conference
Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition (SARMAC) XIII, Cape Cod, USA, June 6-9, 2019
Available from: 2019-10-16 Created: 2019-10-16 Last updated: 2019-12-09Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, PhilipLindholm, TorunJönsson, Fredrik
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