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Green perception for well-being in dense urban areas: A tool for socioeconomic integration
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7139-2545
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2014 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, ISSN 1236-6064, E-ISSN 1893-5281, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 179-200Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A previous study (n = 24,819) of semi-urban and rural areas in the Skåne region, southern Sweden, showed that people living in flats are depen- dent on having green space with several characteristics for different affordances close to their homes to be satisfied with their neighbour- hood. The two studies presented in this paper focuses on the urban area of Malmö, the largest city in Skåne. Equivalent criteria for the presence of certain characteristics within 300 m from home were used, however analysed from other kinds of data than the regional study. In both the previous rural/semi-urban study as well as the urban studies presented here, respondents report being more satisfied with their neighbourhood the more qualities that are present within 300 m of their home. Less than half of the apartment-dwelling respondents in the Malmö urban area are satisfied with their neighbourhood if less than half of the characteris- tics are available within 300 m. Even when there are few characteristics close by, people living in their own house are generally more satisfied with their neighbourhood (70 % or more irrespective of area type) than tenants are. A relatively high concordance between the two studies, despite the fact that they represent different kinds of landscape (semi- urban and rural vs. urban) and different scales (region vs. municipality), adds validity to the recreational characteristics as a tool for assessing well-being qualities of neighbourhood landscapes.

The results from the studies of Malmö were also related to average household income and a clear association between our studies’ data on accessibility to serene areas and household income was found. This find- ing suggests that creating additional serene green space in low-income areas could be a tool to help the municipality reduce segregation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 26, no 2, p. 179-200
Keywords [en]
well-being, perception, characteristics, park, nature, recreation, socio economy, densification
National Category
Physical Geography
Research subject
Physical Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-175523OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-175523DiVA, id: diva2:1367448
Available from: 2019-11-04 Created: 2019-11-04 Last updated: 2019-11-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Perceived Sensory Dimensions: A Human-Centred Approach to Environmental Planning and Design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceived Sensory Dimensions: A Human-Centred Approach to Environmental Planning and Design
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Increased urbanization, stress and lifestyle related illness, and biodiversity loss are some of the most urgent challenges today. The potential contributions from green spaces and infrastructures in relation to these challenges are several. In addition to benefits such as climate and water regulation, air purification, food production, and biodiversity conservation, certain aesthetic, i.e. perceived, qualities of green features and natural settings have been shown important for people’s health and wellbeing. The potential of such qualities to aid restoration from stress and attention fatigue is well documented. It has also been suggested that they could support pro-environmental behaviours, promote physical activity, and increase general wellbeing. A difference between grey/urban and green/natural settings has been highlighted in previous research. There is a need however for a more nuanced understanding of the most important qualities in the environment to consider in order to support human health and wellbeing over time.

Through a universal, human-centred approach, where needs, motivations, and meaningful experiences are considered before specific means of physical implementation, this thesis adopts a framework of eight aesthetic qualities, termed perceived sensory dimensions, accounting for basic human needs in relation to green areas. This framework is investigated and developed in different contexts and at different scales to aid an evidence-based approach to environmental design, planning, and evaluation from a human health and wellbeing perspective. A dialectic model based on the framework is suggested as a means to facilitate the inclusion of this level of analysis in, e.g. trans- and interdisciplinary research settings, and in environmental design and planning practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University, 2019. p. 52
Series
Dissertations in Physical Geography, ISSN 2003-2358 ; 3
Keywords
Green infrastructures, urban planning, environmental aesthetics, salutogenic design, multiple use
National Category
Physical Geography
Research subject
Physical Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-175525 (URN)978-91-7797-901-2 (ISBN)978-91-7797-902-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2020-02-04, De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 14, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 252-2011-1737
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Submitted.

Available from: 2020-01-10 Created: 2019-11-28 Last updated: 2019-12-19Bibliographically approved

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