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What is in a label? Rainforest-Alliance certified banana production versus non-certified conventional banana production
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
Number of Authors: 42016 (English)In: Global Ecology and Conservation, ISSN 2351-9894, Vol. 7, p. 39-48Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Export banana production in Latin America is pesticide intensive, receiving much negative publicity regarding human health problems and environmental degradation. The Rainforest Alliance (RA) certification scheme was established to certify farms that met a number of social, occupation health and environmental standards set by RA and their certifying body, the Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN). This study was one of the first, independent studies of the environmental impact of some of the principles set by RA and SAN. The study focuses on insect and bird diversity as an indicator of ecosystem health. Five RA certified farms, six non-RA certified farms, and five organic certified farms were sampled. The data was analyzed with RDA multivariate analyses and Monte Carlo permutation tests. The results showed that RA certified farms had less insect diversity compared to non-RA certified farms and that both farm types had less insect diversity than organic farms. There was little difference between RA and non-RA certified farms with regards bird community composition. Thus, organic farming conserves biodiversity, while alternative environmental labels (e.g. a Rainforest alliance seal) may not have any visible positive effect on in-farm biodiversity. This study points to the need for improvements in SAN certification standards to achieve improved environmental conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 7, p. 39-48
Keywords [en]
Banana production, Rainforest Alliance certification, Management practices, Costa Rica, Insect diversity
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-175546DOI: 10.1016/j.gecco.2016.05.002ISI: 000413276800004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-175546DiVA, id: diva2:1368898
Available from: 2019-11-08 Created: 2019-11-08 Last updated: 2019-11-08Bibliographically approved

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Sanderson Bellamy, AngelinaSvensson, Olavan den Brink, Paul J.Tedengren, Michael
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Stockholm Resilience CentreDepartment of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences
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