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L’évolution du suffixe –issime: un inventaire et une fréquence des formes attestées dans Frantext
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7752-0432
2019 (French)In: Bergen Language and Lingustics Studies, ISSN 1892-2449, E-ISSN 1892-2449, Vol. 10, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The synthetic superlative -ÍSSIMUS in Latin survived in Italian, whereas it was borrowed in the Romance languages on the Iberian Peninsula and in French during the Renaissance. This suffix has been very frequent in these languages with the exception of French. In this language it has been accepted merely when used in titles. Condemned by grammarians, the suffix has thus been quite rare in French literature. The present study shows however that in the database Frantext, which comprises mostly literary texts, nearly 1,400 occurrences of words with the suffix -issime are found, rarissime and richissime being the most frequent (apart from titles). But with the emergence of new media, it seems that the suffix has become much more frequent in French. These adjectives are found mainly in areas like politics, sports, travels, adult movies and in comments by web visitors as shown in this study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 10, no 1
Keywords [en]
suffix, superlative, morphology, French, Romance languages
National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
French
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-175964DOI: 10.15845/bells.v10i1.1447OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-175964DiVA, id: diva2:1369378
Conference
The Nordic Romanist Conference – ROM17, Bergen, Norway, August 15-18, 2017
Available from: 2019-11-11 Created: 2019-11-11 Last updated: 2019-11-12Bibliographically approved

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