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Holocene atmospheric dust deposition in NW Spain
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Number of Authors: 72019 (English)In: The Holocene, ISSN 0959-6836, E-ISSN 1477-0911Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Atmospheric dust plays an important role in terrestrial and marine ecosystems, particularly those that are nutrient limited. Despite that most dust originates from arid and semi-arid regions, recent research has shown that past dust events may have been involved in boosting productivity in nutrient-poor peatlands. We investigated dust deposition in a mid-latitude, raised bog, which is surrounded by a complex geology (paragneiss/schist, granite, quartzite and granodiorite). As proxies for dust fluxes, we used accumulation rates of trace (Ti, Zr, Rb, Sr and Y) as well as major (K and Ca) lithogenic elements. The oldest, largest dust deposition event occurred between similar to 8.6 and similar to 7.4 ka BP, peaking at similar to 8.1 ka BP (most probably the 8.2 ka BP event). The event had a large impact on the evolution of the mire, which subsequently transitioned from a fen into a raised bog in similar to 1500 years. From similar to 6.7 to similar to 4.0 ka BP, fluxes were very low, coeval with mid-Holocene forest stability and maximum extent. In the late Holocene, after similar to 4.0 ka BP, dust events became more prevalent with relatively major deposition at similar to 3.2-2.5, similar to 1.4 ka BP and similar to 0.35-0.05 ka BP, and minor peaks at similar to 4.0-3.7, similar to 1.7, similar to 1.10-0.95 ka BP and similar to 0.74-0.58 ka BP. Strontium fluxes display a similar pattern between similar to 11 and similar to 6.7 ka BP but then became decoupled from the other elements from the mid Holocene onwards. This seems to be a specific signal of the granodiorite batholith, which has an Sr anomaly. The reconstructed variations in dust fluxes bear a strong climatic imprint, probably related to storminess controlled by North Atlantic Oscillation conditions. Complex interactions also arise because of increased pressure from human activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
dust, Holocene, human activities, NAO, peat records, storminess
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-175711DOI: 10.1177/0959683619875193ISI: 000490675400001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-175711DiVA, id: diva2:1369925
Available from: 2019-11-13 Created: 2019-11-13 Last updated: 2020-01-03

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Martínez Cortizas, AntonioKylander, Malin E.
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Department of Geological Sciences
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