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Gender and Contacts at Arrival among Refugee and Family Reunion Migrants: Resources and Constraints
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8422-7023
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Increasing rates of immigration have led to rising concern about integration in Europe. Previous studies point to the importance of social contacts for migrants’ labour market integration, but the literature remains inconclusive as to whether contacts provide higher returns for men or for women. This paper contributes to existing knowledge by assessing gender differences in the association between pre-migration contacts, defined as family, friends, both family and friends or no contacts, and labour market entry. Results based on the Swedish Level of Living survey of Foreign-born and their Children reveal significant gender differences. Among men, friends appear to promote labour market entry and are associated with about a two-year shorter job search than no contacts. Among women, family is associated with a two-year longer job search. This indicates that friends provide men with an added bonus in the labour market. By contrast, women’s job searches are constrained by factors linked to having family at the destination.

Keywords [en]
integration, social contacts, gender, labour market entry
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-173656OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-173656DiVA, id: diva2:1372149
Available from: 2019-11-22 Created: 2019-11-22 Last updated: 2019-12-04Bibliographically approved
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