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Plasma Apolipoprotein E Monomer and Dimer Profile and Relevance to Alzheimer's Disease
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
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Number of Authors: 102019 (English)In: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, ISSN 1387-2877, E-ISSN 1875-8908, Vol. 71, no 4, p. 1217-1231Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The APOE epsilon 4 gene variant is the strongest genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), whereas APOE epsilon 3 conventionally is considered as 'risk neutral' although APOE epsilon 3-carriers also develop AD. Previous studies have shown that the apolipoprotein E3 (apoE3) isoform occurs as monomers, homodimers and heterodimers with apolipoprotein A-II in human body fluids and brain tissue, but the relevance of a plasma apoE3 monomer/dimer profile to AD is unknown. Here we assessed the distribution of monomers, homodimers and heterodimers in plasma from control subjects and patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD with either a homozygous APOE epsilon 3 (n = 31 control subjects, and n = 14 MCI versus n = 5 AD patients) or APOE epsilon 4 genotype (n = 1 control subject, n = 21 MCI and n = 7 AD patients). Total plasma apoE levels were lower in APOE epsilon 4-carriers and overall correlated significantly to CSF A beta(42), p(Thr181)-tau and t-tau levels. Apolipoprotein E dimers were only observed in the APOE epsilon 3-carriers and associated with total plasma apoE levels, negatively correlated to apoE monomers, but were unrelated to plasma homocysteine levels. Importantly, the APOE epsilon 3-carrying AD patients versus controls exhibited a significant decrease in apoE homodimers (17.8 +/- 9.6% versus 26.7 +/- 6.3%, p = 0.025) paralleled by an increase in apoE monomers (67.8 +/- 18.3% versus 48.5 +/- 11.2%, p = 0.008). In the controls, apoE monomers and heterodimers were significantly associated with plasma triglycerides; the apoE heterodimers were also associated with levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The physiological relevance of apoE dimer formation needs to be further investigated, though the distribution of apoE in monomers and dimers appears to be of relevance to AD in APOE epsilon 3 subjects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 71, no 4, p. 1217-1231
Keywords [en]
Alzheimer's disease, apolipoprotein A-II, apolipoprotein E, biomarkers, dementia, dimers
National Category
Neurology Geriatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-175908DOI: 10.3233/JAD-190175ISI: 000490569300015PubMedID: 31524156OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-175908DiVA, id: diva2:1372566
Available from: 2019-11-25 Created: 2019-11-25 Last updated: 2019-11-25Bibliographically approved

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Patra, KalicharanGiannisis, AndreasEdlund, Anna K.Nielsen, Henrietta M.
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