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Performative functions of multilingual policy in second language education in Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.ORCID iD: ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8869-668
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
2019 (English)In: International journal of bilingual education and bilingualism, ISSN 1747-7522Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper targets the aim of‘strengthening the students’multilingualism’in asecond language1subject in Sweden,Swedish as a second language(SSL),which represents a relatively rare L2design internationally. The studyinvestigates howideological spacefor multilingualism with regard to thisaim opensimplementational spaceat the classroom level [Hornberger. 2002.“Multilingual Language Policies and theContinua of Biliteracy: An EcologicalApproach.”Language Policy1(1):27–51]. We draw on ethnographicfieldwork in three linguistically diverse upper secondary schools in Sweden,where SSL is a parallel subject to Swedish, free of choice, and is taught byqualified teachers. Ideological and implementational space was found to beprimarily for empowering students and valorizing their multilingualism andless for learning functions and pedagogical multilingual practices. Somestudents emphasized multilingual aspects as being empowering and as areason for choosing SSL, indexing theperformative function [Fairclough.2014.“Semiotic Aspects of Social Transformation and Learning.”InTheDiscourse Studies Reader. Main Currents in Theory and Analysis,editedbyJohannes Angermuller, Dominique Maingueneau, and Ruth Wodak, 378–387. Amsterdam: John Benjamins] of macro-level policy in combinationwith teacher agency. We argue that in spite of the brevity of theformulated multilingual macro policy and its restricted‘potential space’[Johnson 2011.“Implementational and Ideological Spaces in BilingualEducation Language Policy, Practice, and Research.”InBilingual Educationand Bilingualism: Educational Linguistics in Practice: Applying the LocalGlobally and the Global Locally, edited by Frances M. Hult and KendallA. King, 126–139. Bristol, GBR: Multilingual Matters], it still had a significantbearing at the local level. Thisfinding reinforces the importance ofresearching established macro-multilingual policiesin situin education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Second language instruction; Swedish as a second language; student perspectives; equality in education; contrastive insights
National Category
Other Humanities
Research subject
Language Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-176344DOI: 10.1080/13670050.2019.1693956OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-176344DiVA, id: diva2:1374749
Available from: 2019-12-02 Created: 2019-12-02 Last updated: 2019-12-02

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Citation style
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