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Sulfide oxidation in deep Baltic Sea sediments upon oxygenation and colonization by macrofauna
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences. University of Southern Denmark, Denmark; Klaipėda University, Lithuania.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4366-0677
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences. NIRAS Sweden AB, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
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Number of Authors: 62019 (English)In: Marine Biology, ISSN 0025-3162, E-ISSN 1432-1793, Vol. 166, no 11, article id 149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Coastal and shelf sediments affected by transient or long-term bottom water anoxia and sulfidic conditions undergo drastic changes in macrofauna communities and abundances. This study investigates how early colonization by two macrofaunal functional traits (epifauna vs. infauna) affects oxygen, sulfide, and pH dynamics in anoxic sediment upon recent bottom water oxygenation. Large mesocosms (area 900 cm(2)) with 150-m-deep Baltic Sea soft sediments were exposed to three treatments: (1) no animals; (2) addition of 170 polychaetes (Marenzelleria arctia); (3) addition of 181 amphipods (Monoporeia affinis). Porewater chemistry was investigated repeatedly by microsensor profiling over a period of 65 days. Colonization by macrofauna did not significantly deepen penetration of oxygen compared to the animal-free sediment. Bioturbation by M. affinis increased the volume of the oxidized, sulfide-free sediment by 66% compared to the animal-free control already after 13 days of incubation. By the end of the experiment M. affinis and M. arctia increased the oxidized sediment volume by 87 and 35%, respectively. Higher efficiency of epifaunal amphipods in removing hydrogen sulfide than deep-burrowing polychaetes is likely due to more substantial re-oxidation of manganese and/or nitrogen compounds associated with amphipod mixing activity. Our results thus indicate that early colonization of different functional groups might have important implications for the later colonization by benthic macrofauna, meiofauna and microbial communities that benefit from oxidized and sulfide-free sediments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 166, no 11, article id 149
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Biological Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-176590DOI: 10.1007/s00227-019-3597-yISI: 000495633600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-176590DiVA, id: diva2:1377010
Available from: 2019-12-10 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2019-12-10Bibliographically approved

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Bonaglia, StefanoMarzocchi, UgoEkeroth, NilsBrüchert, VolkerBlomqvist, Sven
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