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Brotherhood as an Organized Social Relationship
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7058-3094
2019 (English)In: Organization outside Organizations: The Abundance of Partial Organization in Social Life / [ed] Göran Ahrne, Nils Brunsson, Cambridge University Press, 2019, p. 271-290Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The argument of this chapter is that brotherhood can be conceptualized as a partially organized relationship, based on membership and rules. To illustrate the conceptualization, the chapter draws examples from three different arenas where there is a strong rhetorical emphasis on brotherhood, or fraternity: the military, motorcycle clubs, and monasteries. Membership determines who is a brother or not and while the brotherly relationship sometimes extends beyond the cessation of membership in a formal organization, it presupposes membership at some point. Rules clarify important components of brotherhood including homogeneous relations among all brothers (or sisters). This makes a crucial difference relative to friendship, which is a type of relationship that can even be a threat for brotherhood. In areas where collectivist ideology, homogeneity of relationships, and requests on loyalty are especially forceful, personal or friendly relations between individual members cannot compensate for failure as a “brother.” Brotherhood justifies sacrifice of individual needs to collective demands, and this may include the sacrifice of a personal relation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2019. p. 271-290
Keywords [en]
brotherhood, friendship, collectivism, monastery, Foreign Legion, biker clubs, partial organization
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-176729DOI: 10.1017/9781108604994.013ISBN: 9781108474986 (print)ISBN: 9781108604994 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-176729DiVA, id: diva2:1377177
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2017-2261, 2012-693Available from: 2019-12-11 Created: 2019-12-11 Last updated: 2019-12-12Bibliographically approved

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