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Educational outcomes of children from long-term foster care: Does foster parents’ educational attainment matter?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
2019 (English)In: Developmental Child Welfare, ISSN 2516-1032, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 344-359Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Parental education is a robust predictor of children’s educational outcomes in general population studies, yet little is known about the intergenerational transmission of educational outcomes in alternative family settings such as children growing up in foster care. Using Swedish longitudinal register data on 2,167 children with experience of long-term foster care, this study explores the hypothesized mediating role of foster parents’ educational attainment on foster children’s educational outcomes, here conceptualized as having poor school performance at age 15 and only primary education at age 26. Results from gender-stratified regression analyses suggest that there was an association between foster parental educational attainment and foster children’s educational outcomes but that the educational transmission was weak and inconsistent and differed somewhat between males and females. For males, lower educational attainment in foster parents was associated with poor school performance but was not associated with educational attainment at age 26. The reverse pattern was found among females: the educational gradient was inconsistent for poor school performance but appeared in educational attainment. The results indicate that supported interventions for improving foster children’s educational achievements are needed, even when placements are relatively stable and foster parents have a long formal education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 1, no 4, p. 344-359
Keywords [en]
Educational attainment, foster parents, out-of-home care, parental education, school performance
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-176959DOI: 10.1177/2516103219892274OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-176959DiVA, id: diva2:1377461
Available from: 2019-12-11 Created: 2019-12-11 Last updated: 2020-04-03Bibliographically approved
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Berlin, MarieVinnerljung, BoHjern, AndersBrännström, Lars
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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