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Declined Total Fertility Rate Among Immigrants and the Role of Newly Arrived Women in Norway
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Statistics Norway, Norway.
Number of Authors: 12019 (English)In: European Journal of Population, ISSN 0168-6577, E-ISSN 1572-9885Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In many Western countries, the total fertility rate (TFR) of immigrant women has declined over the last decades. This paper proposes two methods for investigating such changes in the aggregate immigrant fertility level: what-if scenarios and a formal decomposition. Both methods disentangle the effect of changed composition-by origin area and duration of stay-from the effect of changed fertility within subgroups. The methods are applied to data from Norway, where immigrant TFR declined from 2.6 births per women in 2000 to below 2.0 in 2017. The results show that this decline is not due to successful integration, nor changed composition of immigrant women by origin area or duration of stay. A main reason for the decline is found among newly arrived immigrant women, particularly from Asia. They have a considerably lower fertility now than what the newly arrived had 15-20 years ago. After investigating several possible reasons for the TFR decline among the newly arrived, decreased fertility in origin areas is suggested as a key driver.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Immigrant fertility, Migrant fertility, Migration, Decomposition, Immigration, Fertility
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-176557DOI: 10.1007/s10680-019-09541-0ISI: 000494775100001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-176557DiVA, id: diva2:1379751
Available from: 2019-12-17 Created: 2019-12-17 Last updated: 2020-01-07

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Tønnessen, Marianne
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