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Of Caring Nurses and Assertive Police Officers: Social Role Information Overrides Gender Stereotypes in Linguistic Behavior
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology. Södertörn University, Sweden.
Number of Authors: 32019 (English)In: Social Psychology and Personality Science, ISSN 1948-5506, E-ISSN 1948-5514Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Three studies demonstrated the expression of gender stereotypes in linguistic behavior. In Study 1, participants composed sentences describing a person by freely choosing from female- or male-dominated occupations, female or male pronouns, and communal or agentic traits. In Study 2a, participants chose traits to describe a person identified by a female- or male-dominated occupation and in Study 2b by a female or male pronoun and noun. In Study 3, participants chose traits for a person identified by both a female- or male-dominated occupation and a female or male pronoun. In general, participants chose more communal and fewer agentic traits for sentences containing a female- (vs. male-) dominated occupation and a female (vs. male) pronoun or noun. However, participants described women and men in the same occupation as similarly agentic or communal, demonstrating the primacy of role over sex information as predicted by social role theory.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
social role theory, gender stereotypes, linguistic behavior, sentence-generating task, agency, communion
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-176513DOI: 10.1177/1948550619876636ISI: 000496681300001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-176513DiVA, id: diva2:1381191
Available from: 2019-12-20 Created: 2019-12-20 Last updated: 2020-01-20

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