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Unbiased Hubble constant estimation from binary neutron star mergers
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Imperial College London, United Kingdom.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC). University College London, United Kingdom.
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Number of Authors: 52019 (English)In: Physical Review D: covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology, ISSN 2470-0010, E-ISSN 2470-0029, Vol. 100, no 10, article id 103523Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Gravitational-wave (GW) observations of binary neutron star (BNS) mergers can be used to measure luminosity distances and hence, when coupled with estimates for the mergers' host redshifts, infer the Hubble constant H-0. These observations are, however, affected by GW measurement noise, uncertainties in host redshifts and peculiar velocities, and are potentially biased by selection effects and the misspecification of the cosmological model or the BNS population. The estimation of H-0 from samples of BNS mergers with optical counterparts is tested here by using a phenomenological model for the GW strains that captures both the data-driven event selection and the distance-inclination degeneracy, while being simple enough to facilitate large numbers of simulations. A rigorous Bayesian approach to analyzing the data from such simulated BNS merger samples is shown to yield results that are unbiased, have the appropriate uncertainties, and arc robust to model misspecification. Applying such methods to a sample of N similar or equal to 50 BNS merger events, as LIGO + Virgo could produce in the next similar to 5 years, should yield robust and accurate Hubble constant estimates that are precise to a level of less than or similar to 2 km s(-1) Mpc(-1), sufficient to reliably resolve the current tension between local and cosmological measurements of H-0.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 100, no 10, article id 103523
Keywords [en]
Cosmological parameters, Gravitational wave sources, Gravitational waves, Transient & explosive astronomical phenomena
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-176502DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.100.103523ISI: 000496926600003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-176502DiVA, id: diva2:1381333
Available from: 2019-12-20 Created: 2019-12-20 Last updated: 2019-12-20Bibliographically approved

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Mortlock, Daniel J.Peiris, Hiranya V.
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Department of AstronomyDepartment of PhysicsThe Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC)
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