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Gender in New Guinea
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
2019 (English)In: Grammatical gender and linguistic complexity: Volume I: General issues and specific studies / [ed] Francesca Di Garbo, Bruno Olsson, Bernhard Wälchli, Berlin: Language Science Press, 2019, p. 225-276Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The present study classifies gender systems of 20 languages in the New Guinearegion, an often neglected area in typological research, according to five criteriaused by Di Garbo (2014) for African languages. The results show that gender in NewGuinea is diverse, although around half of the languages have two-gendered sex-based systems with semantic assignment, more than four gender-indexing targets,and no gender marking on nouns. The gender systems of New Guinea are remark-ably representative of the world, although formal assignment is underrepresented.However, the gender systems of New Guinea and Africa are very different. Themost significant difference is the prevalence of non-sex-based gender systems andgender marking on nouns in Africa, whereas the opposite is true in New Guinea.Finally, four typologically rare characteristics are singled out: (1) size and shapeas important criteria of gender assignment, with large/long being masculine andsmall/short feminine, (2) the co-existence of two separate nominal classificationsystems, (3) no gender distinctions in pronouns, and (4) verbs as the most commonindexing target.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: Language Science Press, 2019. p. 225-276
Series
Studies in Diversity Linguistics, E-ISSN 2363-5568 ; 26
Keywords [en]
agreement, grammatical gender, indexation, New Guinea, Papuan, typology
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-177411DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3462770ISBN: 978-3-96110-179-5 (print)ISBN: 978-3-96110-178-8 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-177411DiVA, id: diva2:1382805
Available from: 2020-01-06 Created: 2020-01-06 Last updated: 2020-01-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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