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Athenian Lamps in the Early Byzantine Period: Export, Import and Imitation
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Classical Archaeology and Ancient History.
2019 (English)In: Glass, wax and metal: lighting technologies in Late Antique, Byzantine and medieval times / [ed] Ioannis Motsianos, Karen S. Garnett, Oxford: Archaeopress, 2019, p. 90-94Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Athenian terracotta lamps dominated the market in Greece from the 3rd to the first half of the 5th century AD. When political and economic changes took place in the society it had a strong impact on the trade networks in the 5th century, while at the same time the development of the Eastern Roman Empire created new links for the export and import of products. The movement of goods and people was intensified for political, military and religious reasons. Oil lamps were essential for households, for religious services, and also to lighten meeting places, newly built churches and monasteries. As ancient temples were closed and Christianity prevailed, a new market was created for lamp workshops for new important customers: church officials and pilgrims to holy places.

This paper analyzes in detail what methods the Athenian lamp producers used in their efforts to keep their trade contacts and market at a time when North African and Asia Minor products became more popular in the Eastern Mediterranean towards the end of the 5th century. Another aspect of the article deals with the imitation of imported lamps during this period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Archaeopress, 2019. p. 90-94
Keywords [en]
Athens, lamps, clay, terracotta, glass, metal, wax candles, oil lamps, chandelier, Early Byzantine, Late Roman, Athenian Agora, export, import, production, trade
National Category
Classical Archaeology and Ancient History
Research subject
Classical Archaeology and Ancient History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-177923ISBN: 9781789692167 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-177923DiVA, id: diva2:1384899
Conference
Fourth International Round Table of the International Lychnological Association, `Lighting in Byzantium' in Thessaloniki, Greece in October 2011
Available from: 2020-01-12 Created: 2020-01-12 Last updated: 2020-01-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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