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Cross-National Comparisons and Correlates of Harms From the Drinking of People With Whom You Work
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD). La Trobe University, Australia; University of Melbourne, Australia.
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Number of Authors: 52020 (English)In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 0145-6008, E-ISSN 1530-0277, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 141-151Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: While research in high-income countries (HICs) has established high costs associated with alcohol's harm to others (AHTO) in the workplace, scant attention has been paid to AHTO in the workplace in lower- or middle-income countries (LMICs).

Aim: To compare estimates and predictors of alcohol's impacts upon coworkers among workers in 12 countries.

Methods: Cross-sectional surveys from 9,693 men and 8,606 women employed in Switzerland, Australia, the United States, Ireland, New Zealand, Chile, Nigeria, Lao PDR, Thailand, Vietnam, India, and Sri Lanka. Five questions were asked about harms in the past year because of coworkers' drinking: Had they (i) covered for another worker; (ii) worked extra hours; (iii) been involved in an accident or close call; or had their (iv) own productivity been reduced; or (v) ability to do their job been affected? Logistic regression and meta-analyses were estimated with 1 or more harms (vs. none) as the dependent variable, adjusting for age, sex, rurality of location, and the respondent worker's own drinking.

Results: Between 1% (New Zealand) and 16% (Thailand) of workers reported that they had been adversely affected by a coworker's drinking in the previous year (with most countries in the 6 to 13% range). Smaller percentages (<1% to 12%) reported being in an accident or close call due to others' drinking. Employed men were more likely to report harm from coworkers' drinking than employed women in all countries apart from the United States, New Zealand, and Vietnam, and own drinking pattern was associated with increased harm in 5 countries. Harms were distributed fairly equally across age and geographic regions. Harm from coworkers' drinking was less prevalent among men in HICs compared with LMICs.

Conclusions: Workforce impairment because of drinking extends beyond the drinker in a range of countries and impacts productivity and economic development, particularly affecting men in LMICs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 44, no 1, p. 141-151
Keywords [en]
Coworker Harm, Harm to Others, Alcohol, Cross-Sectional Surveys, International Comparisons
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Substance Abuse
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-177473DOI: 10.1111/acer.14223ISI: 000500402200001PubMedID: 31774575OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-177473DiVA, id: diva2:1387300
Available from: 2020-01-21 Created: 2020-01-21 Last updated: 2020-02-19Bibliographically approved

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Laslett, Anne-MarieStanesby, OliverRoom, Robin
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