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The Past and Future of Experimental Speciation
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.
Number of Authors: 32020 (English)In: Trends in Ecology & Evolution, ISSN 0169-5347, E-ISSN 1872-8383, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 10-21Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Speciation is the result of evolutionary processes that generate barriers to gene flow between populations, facilitating reproductive isolation. Speciation is typically studied via theoretical models and snapshot tests in natural populations. Experimental speciation enables real-time direct tests of speciation theory and has been long touted as a critical complement to other approaches. We argue that, despite its promise to elucidate the evolution of reproductive isolation, experimental speciation has been underutilised and lags behind other contributions to speciation research. We review recent experiments and outline a framework for how experimental speciation can be implemented to address current outstanding questions that are otherwise challenging to answer. Greater uptake of this approach is necessary to rapidly advance understanding of speciation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 35, no 1, p. 10-21
Keywords [en]
gene flow, demography, barrier loci, genomic differentiation
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-178657DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2019.08.009ISI: 000504400600004PubMedID: 31522756OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-178657DiVA, id: diva2:1394358
Available from: 2020-02-18 Created: 2020-02-18 Last updated: 2020-02-18Bibliographically approved

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White, Nathan J.Snook, Rhonda R.
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