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Measures of Similarity
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9093-3995
2020 (English)In: Theoria, ISSN 0040-5825, E-ISSN 1755-2567, Vol. 86, no 1, p. 73-99Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses the relationship between the concept of single aspect similarity and proposed measures of similarity. More precisely, it compares eleven measures of similarity in terms of how well they satisfy a list of desiderata, chosen to capture common intuitions concerning the properties of similarity and the relations between similarity and dissimilarity. Three types of measures are discussed: similarity as commonality, similarity as a function of dissimilarity, and similarity as a joint function of commonality and difference. Relative to the desiderata, it is found that a measure of the second type fares the best. However, rather than recommend this measure alone as a measure of similarity, it is suggested that there are at least three separate concepts of single aspect similarity, corresponding to the three types of measures. In light of this proposal, three of the eleven measures (and variants of these) are deemed acceptable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 86, no 1, p. 73-99
Keywords [en]
Similarity, Dissimilarity, Measurement
National Category
Philosophy
Research subject
Philosophy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-179417DOI: 10.1111/theo.12222ISI: 000510004900001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-179417DiVA, id: diva2:1396990
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2020-03-04Bibliographically approved

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