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The influence of music on the surgical task performance: A systematic review
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. University of Turku, Finland.
Number of Authors: 22020 (English)In: International Journal of Surgery, ISSN 1743-9191, E-ISSN 1743-9159, Vol. 73, p. 101-112Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Music is commonly played in operating theatres. Music was shown to diminish stress of the surgical team along with reducing the patients anxiety before surgery. On the other hand, it has been revealed that music might give rise to negative effects of divided attention causing distraction in surgical routines. Therefore, we aimed to systematically review the effect of music on the surgeon's task performance.

Methods: A systematic review was performed in compliance with the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis) and AMSTAR (Assessing the methodological quality of systematic reviews) guidelines. A literature search using PubMed/Medline, ScienceDirect and Google Scholar, was performed by means of the search terms: music and operating theatre, as well as music and surgery. The search was limited to citations in English from year 2009-2018. Search items were considered from the nature of the articles, date of publication, forum of publication, aims and main findings in relation to use of music in operating theatres. Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) criteria were applied. Studies were included based on predetermined inclusion criteria where after the papers' quality assessments and evidence grading were completed by two independent reviewers. The protocol was registered with the PROSPERO register of systematic reviews.

Results: Out of 18 studies that formed the base for evidence evaluations, 6 studies were assessed as having high quality and 8 studies of moderate quality. Five studies, provided both strong and moderate scientific evidence for a positive effect of music on surgeon's task performance. In contrast, strong scientific evidence for a negative effect of music on surgeon's task performance also was revealed in 2 high-quality studies. Nevertheless, the positive effect of music on the surgical task performance was significantly higher when compared to its negative effect (p < 0.0001).

Conclusion: Certain music elements affect the surgical task performance in a positive or negative way. The total and significant outcome of the present study was that the positive effect of music on surgeon's task performance, overrides its negative effect. Classic music when played with a low to medium volume can improve the surgical task performance by increasing both accuracy and speed. The distracting effect of music should also be put in consideration when playing a loud or high-beat type of music in the operating theatres.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 73, p. 101-112
Keywords [en]
Music, Surgery, Operating theatre, Surgical training, Surgical education, Performance, Laparoscopy
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-178640DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2019.11.012ISI: 000506873800021PubMedID: 31760139OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-178640DiVA, id: diva2:1404134
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2020-02-28Bibliographically approved

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