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Research gaps in knowledge of the impact of urban growth on biodiversity
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Number of Authors: 212020 (English)In: Nature Sustainability, E-ISSN 2398-9629, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 16-24Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

By 2030, an additional 1.2 billion people are forecast in urban areas globally. We review the scientific literature (n = 922 studies) to assess direct and indirect impacts of urban growth on habitat and biodiversity. Direct impacts are cumulatively substantial, with 290,000 km(2) of natural habitat forecast to be converted to urban land uses between 2000 and 2030. Studies of direct impact are disproportionately from high-income countries. Indirect urban impacts on biodiversity, such as food consumption, affect a greater area than direct impacts, but comparatively few studies (34%) have quantified urban indirect impacts on biodiversity. The world is urbanizing. This Review assesses impacts of urban growth on habitat and biodiversity, finding direct impacts more in high-income countries while indirect impacts affect more land but are lesser studied.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 3, no 1, p. 16-24
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Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Social and Economic Geography
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-179648DOI: 10.1038/s41893-019-0436-6ISI: 000510817700006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-179648DiVA, id: diva2:1412547
Available from: 2020-03-06 Created: 2020-03-06 Last updated: 2020-03-06Bibliographically approved

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Ascensão, FernandoElmqvist, Thomas
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Stockholm Resilience Centre
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