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Understanding How Low Levels of Early Lead Exposure Affect Children’s Life-Trajectories
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for International Economic Studies. UCLS, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2020 (English)In: Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0022-3808, E-ISSN 1537-534XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

We study the impact of lead exposure from birth to adulthood and provide evidence on the mechanisms producing these effects. Following 800,000 children differentially exposed to the phaseout of leaded gasoline in Sweden, we find that even a low exposure affects long-run outcomes, that boys are more affected, and that changes in non-cognitive skills explain a sizeable share of the impact on crime and human capital. The effects are greater above exposure thresholds still relevant for the general population, and reductions in exposure equivalent to the magnitude of the recent redefinition of elevated blood-lead levels can increase earnings by 4%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020.
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Economics
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-179962DOI: 10.1086/708725OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-179962DiVA, id: diva2:1415229
Available from: 2020-03-17 Created: 2020-03-17 Last updated: 2020-03-18

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Nilsson, J. PeterRobling, Per-Olof
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