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Pros and cons of social relations: An analysis of adolescents’ health complaints
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
2006 (English)In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 63, no 3, 611-623 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the association between social relations and psychological and psychosomatic health complaints, among adolescents in Sweden. We focused on relationships with parents, as well as relationships with peers in school and in leisure time. Both the structure and the content of relations were analysed. For the latter, we looked at supportive as well as strained relations. The data was the pooled child supplements of the Swedish welfare surveys conducted in 2000–2003. This constitutes a nationally representative, cross-sectional sample of 10–18-year-olds (n=5137), where information was collected from both adolescents and their parents. Results showed that young people's social relations with parents and peers clearly covaried with their health complaints. With regard to family relations and psychological complaints, the association was more pronounced for relational content than for relational structure. For instance, whether relations with parents were strained or not seemed more relevant than family structure and parental working hours. Moreover, strained relations were more strongly associated with health complaints, especially psychosomatic complaints, than were supportive relations. This applied to relationships with parents as well as with peers in school.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 63, no 3, 611-623 p.
Keyword [en]
Sweden; Social relations; Adolescents; Child health; Health complaints
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-9118DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.02.005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-9118DiVA: diva2:175637
Available from: 2009-02-27 Created: 2007-11-22 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Children's Living Conditions: Studies on Health, Family and School
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children's Living Conditions: Studies on Health, Family and School
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present dissertation includes four empirical studies, each of which focuses on specific aspects of children’s living conditions.

Study I analyses the association between young people’s social relations and health complaints using Swedish nationally representative survey data on 10- to 18-year-olds. Both relations with parents and with peers are associated with health complaints. Relational content is more strongly associated with health complaints than is relational structure. With regard to relational content, strained relations are more strongly associated with health complaints than are supportive relations.

Study II investigates how effort and reward in school are associated with pupils’ subjective health using data from the Stockholm School Survey. Both effort and reward are shown to be positively associated with subjective health, and in particular pupils who report to put in high effort in school have high levels of subjective health. Contextual variation in health is found for girls but not for boys.

Study III is based on Swedish register data and analyses the association between family type and choice of programme in upper secondary school. Children in single-mother households less often choose the natural science/technology (NT) programme compared with children who live with two original parents. Having a resident or a non-resident parent with NT skills is positively associated with choice of the NT programme.

Study IV analyses the association between family type and social support, health, and material resources in 24 countries. The data are derived from the international Health Behaviour of School-aged Children (HBSC) survey. In a majority of the countries studied, children in single-mother households report smaller resources compared with children living with two original parents. No clear pattern is found with regard to differences between countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Stockholm University, 2010. 30 p.
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 77
Keyword
Children, living conditions, well-being, family, health, school, Sweden
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-31627 (URN)978-91-7155-978-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-01-27, hörsal 9, hus D, Universitetsvägen 10 D, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Submitted. Paper 4: Accepted. Available from: 2010-01-03 Created: 2009-11-23 Last updated: 2010-11-24Bibliographically approved

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