Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Protected areas as attractions
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
2007 (English)In: Annals of tourism research, ISSN 0160-7383, Vol. 34, no 4, 839-854 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores protected areas as attractions and their influence on tourists’ behavior. The importance of differing protection status (national parks, world heritage sites, and biosphere reserves) is discussed. Data come from surveys conducted in protected areas in the Swedish mountain region. The results show that protection status matters to tourists, and it affects the decision to visit the area, but to a variable degree among the study sites. It is concluded that different protected area labels function as touristic markers but that the name national park has a stronger effect on tourists than the labels of world heritage site and biosphere reserve.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier , 2007. Vol. 34, no 4, 839-854 p.
Keyword [en]
tourism, behavior, markers, attraction systems, Swedish mountains
National Category
Human Geography
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-10911DOI: 10.1016/j.annals.2007.03.011ISI: 000250738100001OAI: diva2:177430
Available from: 2008-01-15 Created: 2008-01-15 Last updated: 2009-07-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Protected Attractions: Tourism and Wilderness in the Swedish Mountain Region
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Protected Attractions: Tourism and Wilderness in the Swedish Mountain Region
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Europe's first national parks were established in northern Sweden in 1909 and this region has thus functioned as a protected and aesthetic pleasure landscape for a century. In 1996, due to the combination of spectacular natural environment and ancient Sami traditions the Laponian World Heritage Area was established here. In spite of local cultural history and contempo-rary land use practices, the Swedish northern mountains are often described as remnants of the pristine and as wilderness - defined as the opposite to culture - and for many, wilderness is an unproblematic category of nature. With a focus on touristic use of protected areas, this thesis examines the role of different interests, including power relations, in shaping dominant descriptions of landscapes. Investigated themes include how landscape values are expressed, interpreted and explained by visitors, as well as the influence of different ideas underlying nature conservation. Results show that tourists visit the mountains to experience nature, wilderness, and scenery, and to feel mental relaxation. The existence of marked hiking trails and facilities at tourist cabins are also of importance. The attractiveness of the mountains includes the combination of comfortable conditions and a perceived untouched landscape. Tourists perceive the area as wilderness and - at the same time - filled with tourist facilities and Sami culture such as reindeer herding activities. It is found that the perception of the mountains as a wild and scenic natural landscape has not changed much during the last century. In this thesis, the concept of wilderness is problematized and contested since it produces images and values that have unrecognized effects on how we perceive and manage landscapes, including their cultural attributes. This thesis applies a critical realism approach to conceptualize landscapes.



Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Human Geography,Stockholm University, 2009. 52 p.
Meddelanden från Kulturgeografiska institutionen vid Stockholms universitet, ISSN 0585-3508 ; 140
Landscape value and perception; nature conservation policy; tourist behavior; tourist attraction; infrastructure; visitor survey; nature-culture dichotomy; Laponian World Heritage Area; Sweden
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Human Geography
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-28966 (URN)978-91-7155-906-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-10-02, William-Olssonsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 8 A, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
At the time of the doctoral defence, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.Available from: 2009-09-10 Created: 2009-07-28 Last updated: 2009-07-30Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textLink to doctoral thesis

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Wall Reinius, Sandra
By organisation
Department of Human Geography
Human Geography

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 136 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link