Polar mesospheric cloud mass and the ice budget: 3. Application of a coupled ice-chemistry-dynamics model and comparison with observations
2007 (Swedish)In: Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 112, D8303- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have combined a two-dimensional chemical/dynamics model with a monodisperse parameterization of polar mesospheric clouds (PMCs) to study the interaction of PMCs with the climate of the summer mesopause region. First, we show that PMC absorption of terrestrial and solar IR radiation lead to atmospheric heating rates which can exceed 10 K/day. This heat is dissipated by increased upwelling above the cloud layer and by a 2–6 K temperature increase. We then calculate the global PMC ice mass and evaluate its sensitivity to IR heating, assumed particle size and level of solar activity. Inclusion of the temperature increase in the model can reduce the calculated ice mass by up to a factor of two. The calculated solar cycle range in the ice mass is also about a factor of two. The calculated latitude distribution and solar cycle range of PMC ice mass are in good agreement with recent analyses of PMC satellite data. Finally, we test the hypothesis that PMC formation leads to ozone changes by comparing our model with ozone data from the Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE). The data show a 20–30% ozone enhancement above PMCs. In the model, dehydration above the cloud layer leads to an ozone increase due to lowered HO x . However, this competes with the temperature increase from IR absorption that can damp out this ozone increase. Surprisingly, for realistic estimates of the terrestrial IR flux, the model ozone response is reduced to well below that observed by HALOE.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 112, D8303- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-11011DOI: doi:10.1029/2006JD007499ISI: 000245951800007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-11011DiVA: diva2:177530