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Grammaticalization paths of periphrastic 'do'-constructions
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Allmän språkvetenskap.
2007 (English)In: Studies van de Belgische Kring voor Linguïstiek: Travaux de Cercle Belge de Linguistique, Papers of the Lingustic Society of Belgium, Vol. 2, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study demonstrates cross-linguistic parallels in the grammaticalization of ‘do’-auxiliaries in ,periphrastic, verb constructions. Such constructions are exemplified by the phenomenon of ‘do’-support in English, where they are

obligatory in interrogative and negative clauses. Similar phenomena can be attested across a wide range of genetically and typologically diverse languages. The auxiliary in ,periphrastic, ‘do’-constructions is derived from a ‘schematic action’ verb that can either be directly associated with a specific function, or it appears in the clause as a consequence of other grammatical

factors. Based on a sample of 200 languages I will argue that ,periphrastic, ‘do’-constructions become grammaticalized in a limited range of grammatical context after going through a stage of optional usage, and also that direct expression of a verbal category by a ‘do’-auxiliary represents a possible final stage of grammaticalization of the ‘schematic action’-verb. The verbal

categories expressed by such an element are restricted to a subsection of tense, aspect and mood. If in a given language the use of a ‘do’-auxiliary has become obligatory in association with other functions, the auxiliary will not grammaticalize further and continues as a semantically bleached dummy element. Tense, aspect and mood are therefore the only functional domains in which ‘do’-auxiliaries can become grammaticalized as meaningful elements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 2, no 1
Keyword [en]
periphrastic
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-11039OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-11039DiVA: diva2:177558
Available from: 2008-01-09 Created: 2008-01-09 Last updated: 2011-01-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
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