Predicting burnout from demands and resources: A comparison between private and public hospitals
2007 (English)In: XIIIth European Congress of Work and Organizational Psychology, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
Burnout among health-care employees is an issue that has received considerable research attention, and numerous studies have found burnout to be predicted by various work-related demands and resources. However, despite the fact that health-care systems in many countries include public as well as private hospitals, our knowledge is limited when it concerns differences in the burnout process between health-care staff in hospitals with different ownership. Data from nurses at three Swedish acute care hospitals – a privatized for-profit, a publicly owned non-profit stock company, and a traditional public administration unit – were used to test (a) if burnout levels differed between hospitals with different ownership and (b) if demands and resources were differently related to nurses’ burnout in the three hospitals. Preliminary results indicate that the burnout level in the public hospital was lower compared to the private and the public companies. Certain demands, such as workload and role conflict, were consistently associated with burnout across hospitals. There were also important differences between private and public hospitals. While the results have immediate implications for hospital managements and efforts to improve employee work environment, they may also provide important insights for political decisions concerning the advantages and disadvantages of public and private ownership of acute care hospitals.
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IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-11053OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-11053DiVA: diva2:177572