Social problems from drinking in the Swedish general population: measurement and reliability.
2007 (English)In: Journal of Substance Use, ISSN 1465-9891, Vol. 12, no 2, 103-118. p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aims: The paper constructs and tests summary measures for different areas of alcohol-relatedproblems, using general population data. The main emphasis is on the rather unexplored area ofmeasuring social harm from drinking.Methods: The data analysed is a Swedish national survey on drinking behaviour and relatedconsequences, collected in 2002 by means of telephone interviews with 5469 adult Swedes. In total,38 items on both personal and social problems by respondents attributed to their drinking weresubjected to factor analysis in order to identify different problem areas for which summary measurescould be constructed. The psychometric properties of the measures were then tested.Results: In line with others’ findings, the problem items tended to load on a single factor. AfterVarimax rotation, 11 factors were built, only in part fitting a logical conceptual pattern. In the lightboth of the dimensions identified in the factor analysis and of face validity, measures of five areas ofalcohol-related problems were constructed: impaired self-control, chronic health problems, publicdisorder, interpersonal problems and alcohol-related social problems. The last measure is a summaryscale including both items covered by public disorder and interpersonal problems scales, as well as afew other items. In terms of internal consistency and test–retest reliability (analysing a smaller samplefrom a test–retest pilot study), the five measures showed satisfactory psychometric properties.Conclusions: In the light of others’ findings, the measures developed here seem to be more consistentand reliable than a number of other scales. In order to establish comparability, it seems reasonable todevelop and test similar measures across different drinking cultures and, perhaps, modify themthereafter.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis , 2007. Vol. 12, no 2, 103-118. p.
Dimensionality of harm from drinking, social consequences, summary measures, general populations.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-11098DOI: 10.1080/14659890601156838OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-11098DiVA: diva2:177617