Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Stressors, Anxiety and Adjustment among International and North American Students
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS). Department of Psychology.
2008 (English)In: International Journal of Intercultural Relations, ISSN 0147-1767, Vol. 32, no 3, 244-259 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The acculturation process generally contributes greatly to stress and anxiety levels among international students. The objectives of the present study were: (1) to see whether international students experience more anxiety, irritability, and stress from being apart from family and friends, pressure from school, difficulties with language, work and finances than students with permanent US residency, and (2) to investigate the same stressors in groups within the international student population. Surveys were distributed to 246 students aged 17–51 at an ethnically diverse community college in Southern California, US. Analysis of variance was conducted to investigate group differences between students: permanent US residents vs. international students, and, permanent US residents vs. European and Asian students, respectively. No significant differences were found between international students and students with permanent US residency. However, when the international student population was sub-grouped by above cultural regions a different pattern emerged. Difficulties of not being able to work and of socially related problems were perceived as more severe for the European and the Asian groups, while finance problems were hard for all three groups. The variable of language difficulties was harder for Asian students, while that of stress of being apart from family was harder for students from Europe. Findings are not only congruent with prior research results on international students but also demonstrate that international students with culturally diverse needs should not be considered as one homogenous group. It is suggested that educational systems need to properly adapt in order to accommodate international students’ unique cultural needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 32, no 3, 244-259 p.
Keyword [en]
stressor, anxiety, adjustment, acculturation, international students, cultural psychology
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-11731DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2008.01.001ISI: 000256934700005OAI: diva2:178250
Great appreciation is given to Professor Britt af Klinteberg, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, for her continuous support, constructive attitude, and creative input.Available from: 2008-11-04 Created: 2008-11-04 Last updated: 2011-01-10Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Psychosocial adjustment problems: Individual and acculturation differences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychosocial adjustment problems: Individual and acculturation differences
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis addresses individual and environmental risk factors in the development of adjustment problems and antisocial behaviour. Namely, temperament and character, anxiety, psychopathic-like traits, antisocial attitudes, alcohol use, and parental rearing strategies are explored as risk factors for behaviour problems in childhood, adolescence and adulthood. When interpreting results of specific studies, an ecological framework is applied to take into account socio-cultural and acculturation circumstances.

In Studies I and II, the subjects under investigation are incarcerated Russian detainees aged 14-19 years (n=250). The main purpose of Study I was to investigate the validity of the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD) in a sample of Russian juvenile delinquents. Study II examined the relationship between psychopathy and violent behaviour. An association between psychopathy and quality of life is explored in Study III, using a sample of Swedish early criminals and controls aged 38-41 years (n=199). In Study IV, international and national college students aged 17-51 years (n=246), are studied regarding perceived adjustment stressors and acculturational differences.

The results suggested good validity of the APSD in the Russian male detainees. Additionally, the results support a dimensional aspect of the psychopathy construct as measured by the PCL and APSD, and suggest that individual and environmental antecedents of psychopathy may differ between the distinct psychopathy factors. The more violent group showed higher levels of psychopathic traits and physical aggression, had more alcohol related problems, and perceived antisocial behavior as more ‘normative’. Moreover, impulsiveness, anger, verbal aggression and antisocial attitudes discriminated between the psychopathic and non-psychopathic subgroups. The results further indicated that self reported quality of life was poorer among individuals with psychopathic-like traits. Finally, grouping the detainees, criminals and controls, as well as the students according to their unique needs seemed to be beneficial, not only regarding psychopathic-like traits, violent behaviour and antisocial attitudes, but also in the context of acculturation and adjustment processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Psykologiska institutionen, 2008. 76 p.
Health Equity Studies, ISSN 1651-5390 ; 11
personality, antisocial behavior, violence, alcohol, culture, socialization, acculturation
National Category
Research subject
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7757 (URN)978-91-7155-658-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-06-12, Aula Svea, Socialhögskolan, Sveaplan, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Available from: 2008-05-21 Created: 2008-05-19 Last updated: 2010-01-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Väfors Fritz, Marie
By organisation
Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS)Department of Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 1044 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link