Stressors, Anxiety and Adjustment among International and North American Students
2008 (English)In: International Journal of Intercultural Relations, ISSN 0147-1767, Vol. 32, no 3, 244-259 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The acculturation process generally contributes greatly to stress and anxiety levels among international students. The objectives of the present study were: (1) to see whether international students experience more anxiety, irritability, and stress from being apart from family and friends, pressure from school, difficulties with language, work and finances than students with permanent US residency, and (2) to investigate the same stressors in groups within the international student population. Surveys were distributed to 246 students aged 17–51 at an ethnically diverse community college in Southern California, US. Analysis of variance was conducted to investigate group differences between students: permanent US residents vs. international students, and, permanent US residents vs. European and Asian students, respectively. No significant differences were found between international students and students with permanent US residency. However, when the international student population was sub-grouped by above cultural regions a different pattern emerged. Difficulties of not being able to work and of socially related problems were perceived as more severe for the European and the Asian groups, while finance problems were hard for all three groups. The variable of language difficulties was harder for Asian students, while that of stress of being apart from family was harder for students from Europe. Findings are not only congruent with prior research results on international students but also demonstrate that international students with culturally diverse needs should not be considered as one homogenous group. It is suggested that educational systems need to properly adapt in order to accommodate international students’ unique cultural needs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 32, no 3, 244-259 p.
stressor, anxiety, adjustment, acculturation, international students, cultural psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-11731DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2008.01.001ISI: 000256934700005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-11731DiVA: diva2:178250
Great appreciation is given to Professor Britt af Klinteberg, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, for her continuous support, constructive attitude, and creative input.2008-11-042008-11-042011-01-10Bibliographically approved