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Efficient in situ method to determine radionuclide concentration in soil
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. (nucl)
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. (nucl)
2005 (English)In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 547, no 2-3, 400-410 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A simple realisation of the so-called peak-to-valley method is described combining simulations of photon transport in soil with measured detector properties. Comparisons regarding the total activity of Cs-137 determined from gamma spectra recorded in situ to results from soil sampling show excellent agreement for six different sites in Sweden with different surface properties and activities ranging from 15 to 1000 kBq/m(2). These results are quite insensitive to assumptions regarding soil composition. Our results for the burial depth are more sensitive to assumptions regarding soil composition, however, still in general agreement with the results from the soil samples.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 547, no 2-3, 400-410 p.
Keyword [en]
in situ gamma-ray spectrometry; peak-to-valley methods; measured detector response
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-12474DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2005.03.143OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-12474DiVA: diva2:178994
Available from: 2008-01-15 Created: 2008-01-15 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. In situ measurements of radionuclide concentration in soil: An investigation into detector properties and methods
Open this publication in new window or tab >>In situ measurements of radionuclide concentration in soil: An investigation into detector properties and methods
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In case of a release of radioactive nuclides into the environment it is necessary to  have reliable methods to estimate the potential effect on people and the ecosystem. In this context the total activity deposited, the elemental composition and the depth distribution are of importance.

An efficient in situ method to estimate the average contamination over larger areas using high purity germanium (HPGe) detectors has been developed. The method combines simulation of photon transport with measured detector properties. The total activity of 137Cs determined from gamma-ray spectra recorded in situ are compared to results from soil sampling.

Another in situ method has been developed to determine the depth distribution of a radionuclide contamination, using an array of small detectors inserted into the ground, as an alternative to the standard procedure of soil sampling. The possibility to use cadmium telluride (CdTe) detectors as well as lanthanum bromide (LaBr3) detectors has been investigated. As a demonstration of the developed method the small-scale variation of the activity distributions in an area covering 350 m2 have been measured and is compared to results obtained by other methods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Physics, Stockholm University, 2010. 80 p.
Keyword
In situ gamma-ray spectrometry, LaBr3, CdTe, Cs-137, soil samples
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-47398 (URN)978-91-7447-192-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-01-28, sal FA32, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 4: Submitted. Available from: 2011-01-03 Created: 2010-12-01 Last updated: 2010-12-02Bibliographically approved

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