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Kampen om Kvinnan: Professionalisering och konstruktioner av kön i svensk gynekologi 1860-1925
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies. Centrum för genusstudier.
2003 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

This thesis investigates how gynaecology was established as a medical speciality in Sweden in the 1860s and onwards. Gender, power, professionalisation and the production of scientific knowledge are central themes. While previous research has shown that gynaecology as a discipline depends upon notions of Woman as radically different from Man, I show how this was manifested within Swedish gynaecology, an initially all male environment. Of special interest is institutionalisation, early career-paths and the development of therapy methods and theory. I argue that gynaecology reproduced and contributed to notions of sex-difference and a gender complementary way of thinking.

While gynaecology was formed as a surgically interventionist speciality with strong manly connotations, an education reform aiming at opening higher education to women was simultaneously discussed and eventually carried out during the 1860s and 70s. The advocates of this reform portrayed women as especially fit for becoming teachers and physicians, particularly treating women and children. Thus, two opposing gendered professional ideals operated. By focusing an elite group of early women physicians, I outline how the gynaecological construction of womanliness related to women physicians and how women physicians engaged with this notion: what strategies they used to enter a profession as manly as gynaecology had become; and how women gynaecologists engaged with their men colleagues’ therapeutic methods and views on patients and women.

Ulrika Nilsson, Department of History of Science and Ideas, Uppsala University, Slottet, ing. A0, S-752 37 Uppsala, Sweden

© Ulrika Nilsson 2003

ISSN 0280-7238

ISBN 91-506-1721-4

Printed in Sweden by Universitetstryckeriet, Uppsala, 2003.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria, Uppsala universitet, Uppsala , 2003.
, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria, Uppsala universitet, ISSN 0280-7238 ; 31
Keyword [en]
History of medicine, science and technology studies, constructions of gender, professionalisation, medicalisation, homosociality, heteronormativity, gynaecology, abdominal surgery, uterine massage, medical images, women's movement, 1860's-1920's, Sweden, Karolinska Institutet, Uppsala University, Lund University
National Category
History of Ideas History
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-12792ISBN: 91-506-1721-4OAI: diva2:179312
Available from: 2008-02-05 Created: 2008-02-05Bibliographically approved

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