Will learning from the past give us insight for the future?: Concerning the psychosocial development of deaf children with cochlear implants.
2007 (English)In: Joining forces. 7th European Congress on Mental Health and Deafness, 11-14 September 2007, Haarlem, The Netherlands, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
Neonatal hearing screening is now performed as a standard procedure at many maternal hospitals around the Western part of the world. Between 90 and 95 % of deaf children receive a cochlear implant at an early age, unilaterally or bilaterally. For most children with CI, speech will be their first language for communication and learning. Reaching school age, the majority of children with CI will be mainstreamed. In many schools, an assisting teacher is employed to assist the child with a CI in the classroom situation. What is it like to be the only child with a special treatment in the classroom? Will the children identify themselves as deaf, as hard or hearing or as hearing? Which are the consequences for the children´s language acquisition and language development using an implant? Which role will bilingualism play in the educational curriculum? Two decades of Swedish Sign Language communication, of a bilingual school education with SSL and written Swedish have resulted in an age-appropriate cognitive and communicative development of many deaf children in my country. Research on early development of communication has shown that gestures and speech are part of the same symbolic sign system. Parents of hearing children are recommended to use a rich repertoire of gestures and signs from an early age, as this has shown to promote speech development. What can we learn from these experiences for treatment and education of children with cochlear implants in the future? In modern developmental psychology the importance of peer interaction has shown to be of utmost significance for a child´s socio-emotional and cognitive development. What is the peer-situation like for children with CI? Some results from a longitudinal psycho-social follow-up study of the first generation of children with CI in Sweden will be presented to shed some light on these and other issues.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
barn, cochlea implantat, psykosocial, utveckling, kommunikation, språk
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-12818OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-12818DiVA: diva2:179338