Memory in bilingual young and old adults
2007 (English)In: Xth European Congress of Psychology, 3-6 July, 2007, Prauge, Czech Republic, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effect of bilingualism on young and older adults’ memory performance. Design & methods: The performance of 170 monolinguals and 334 bilinguals was compared on episodic and semantic memory tasks at two measurement occasions using data from the Betula study. The participants were categorized into middle-aged (35-50 years old), young-old (55-65 years old), and old-old (70-80 years old) age groups. There were nine episodic (recall and recognition) and five semantic (knowledge and fluency) tasks. Results: The results revealed (a) a bilingual advantage in all memory tasks, (b) a greater age deficit in episodic memory, especially for recall than for recognition, and at follow-up, and (c) an increase in knowledge up to age 65 and thereafter a decrease in semantic memory. Conclusion: The findings suggest that bilingualism may boost older adults’ memory performance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-12823OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-12823DiVA: diva2:179343