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Studying Individual Aging in an Interindividual Context: Typical Paths of Age-Related, Dementia-Related, and Mortality-Related Cognitive Development in Old Age
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
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2005 (English)In: Psychology and Aging, ISSN 0882-7974, Vol. 20, no 2, 303-316 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study has 2 objectives: (a) to explore typical paths of cognitive development associated with aging, terminal decline, and dementia and (b) to promote and illustrate an individual-oriented approach to the study of cognitive aging based on longitudinal panel data from a population-based sample (N = 500; age range-sub(T1)= 60-80, where T refers to time) tested at 3 occasions 5 years apart. Results document interindividual differences in multivariate patterns of change. Although cognitive changes generally covary, the present study indicates that subgroups of individuals develop along different paths characterized by selective changes in subsets of cognitive functions. Typical progression of dementia followed a developmental cascade from low declarative memory, via low functioning across all observed cognitive measures, to dementia diagnosis, and finally, death.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 20, no 2, 303-316 p.
Keyword [en]
memory, dementia, terminal decline, pattern-oriented analysis, aging, cognitive development, mortality, Mini Mental State Examination, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-13501DOI: doi:10.1037/0882-7974.20.2.303OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-13501DiVA: diva2:180021
Available from: 2008-04-09 Created: 2008-04-09 Last updated: 2011-01-12Bibliographically approved

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Bergman, Lars RNilsson, Lars-Göran
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