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Implications of road traffic and aircraft noise exposure and children’s cognition and health (RANCH) study results for classroom acoustics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2005 (English)In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 117, no 4, 2363- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies in West London have found associations between aircraft noise exposure and children’s’ cognitive performance. This has culminated in the RANCH Study examining exposure-effect associations between aircraft and road traffic noise exposure and cognitive performance and health. The RANCH project, the largest cross-sectional study of noise and children’s health, examined 2844 children, 9-10 years old from 89 schools around three major airports: in the Netherlands, Spain and the United Kingdom. Children were selected by external aircraft and road traffic noise exposure at school predicted from noise contour maps, modeling and on-site measurements. A substudy indicated high internal levels of noise within classrooms. Schools were matched for socioeconomic position within countries. Cognitive and health outcomes were measured by standardized tests and questionnaires administered in the classroom. A parental questionnaire collected information on socioeconomic position, parental education and ethnicity. Linear exposure-effect associations were found between chronic aircraft noise exposure and impairment of reading comprehension and recognition memory, maintained after adjustment for mothers education, socioeconomic factors, longstanding illness and classroom insulation. Road traffic noise exposure was linearly associated with episodic memory. The implications of these results for children’s’ learning environments will be discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 117, no 4, 2363- p.
Keyword [en]
children, community noise, school performance, RANCH
National Category
Psychology Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-13541OAI: diva2:180061
Available from: 2008-04-10 Created: 2008-04-10 Last updated: 2011-01-12Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, Mats E
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