Neoproterozoic basin evolution in Fennoscandia, East Greenland and Svalbard
2008 (English)In: Episodes, ISSN 0705-3797, Vol. 31, no 1, 35-43 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Neoproterozoic successions of Fennoscandia, East Greenland and Svalbard are related to crustal extension and formation of sedimentary basins along the margins of northern Baltica (Fennoscandia) and eastern Laurentia (East Greenland and Svalbard), preceding final break-up of Rodinia. The early rift stage (late Tonian-Cryogenian) is characterized by up to 16 km thick sedimentary successions of deep-marine sandstones and conglomerates linked to rift and strike-slip basins. Pericratonic basins expanded during Cryogenian-Cambrian coastal onlap. Cryogenian tropical climate is reflected by carbonate and evaporitic formations, most of which predate Cryogenian-Ediacaran glaciations. Glacial units, collectively referred to the Varanger Ice Age, may be equivalent to the Marinoan (c. 630 Ma) and the Gaskiers (c. 580 Ma) glacial periods. The final stage in break-up of Rodinia commenced with the emplacement of dolerite dyke swarms along the Baltoscandian margin at c. 600 Ma and the opening of the Iapetus Ocean and other sea ways. No such dyke swarmshave been recorded along the East Greenland segment of the Laurentian margin. Several Tonian – Cambrian tectonic and magmatic events recorded within the Kalak Nappe Complex in northern Finnmark make this unit an exotic terrane relative to the autochthonous Baltoscandian platform.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 31, no 1, 35-43 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-13687ISI: 000255771300007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-13687DiVA: diva2:180207