Early Xanthochorema (Trichoptera, Insecta) radiations in New Caledonia originated on ultrabasic rocks.
2008 (English)In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, ISSN 1055-7903, E-ISSN 1095-9513, Vol. 48, no 3, 904-17 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The toxic and nutrient poor ultrabasic rock substrate covering one-third of New Caledonia greatly influenced on the biogeography and diversity of plants in the island. Studies on the effect of ultrabasic substrate on fauna are almost entirely absent. In this paper we examine whether the diversification of Trichoptera of the New Caledonian endemic genus Xanthochorema Kimmins, 1953 was related to the presence of ultrabasic substrate. The analysis is based on data from a phylogeny derived from DNA sequences of mitochondrial COX1, COX2 and 16S, and nuclear EF1a genes. The study of the relationships between ancestral species and substrate was carried out using dispersal-vicariance analysis and tracing the history of substrate association with ultrabasic and non-ultrabasic distributions representing the terminals in the fully resolved phylogenetic tree. Our results show that (1) the ancestor of all Xanthochorema species was present on ultrabasic substrate, (2) early speciation events were restricted to ultrabasic substrate, (3) younger ancestral species dispersed into non-ultrabasic substrates, and (4) late speciation events were restricted to non-ultrabasic substrate. These results correspond to the hypothesis that New Caledonia once was more extensively covered by ultrabasic rocks than at present.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 48, no 3, 904-17 p.
Trichoptera; Dispersal–vicariance analysis; Tracing distributions; New Caledonia; Ultrabasic rocks; Species radiation; Phylogeny
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-14622DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2008.06.006ISI: 000259421300009PubMedID: 18620067OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-14622DiVA: diva2:181142