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Psychopathy and violence in juvenile delinquents: What are the associated factors?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
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2008 (English)In: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, ISSN 0160-2527, Vol. 31, no 3, 272-279 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present study was a) to examine the discriminative power of the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD), aggressive traits, impulsiveness, antisocial attitudes and alcohol-related problems between subgroups of Russian juvenile delinquents (n = 175) with low versus high levels of violent behavior; and b) to compare the predictive value of these variables in two subgroups defined by higher versus lower levels of psychopathic traits. Results demonstrated that the APSD score, traits of physical aggression and alcohol-related problems were able to discriminate between groups with various levels of violence. Furthermore, the level of violence was the only variant factor when comparing levels of psychopathy. Finally, different sets of predictors emerged for the group with higher versus lower psychopathy scores. The results are discussed in relation to specific features of psychopathy and environmental factors in general and the use of alcohol in particular.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 31, no 3, 272-279 p.
Keyword [en]
psychopathy, aggression, alcohol-related problems, juvenile delinquents
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-14797DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ijlp.2008.04.010ISI: 000258051600010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-14797DiVA: diva2:181317
Available from: 2009-01-09 Created: 2009-01-09 Last updated: 2011-01-10Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Psychosocial adjustment problems: Individual and acculturation differences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychosocial adjustment problems: Individual and acculturation differences
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis addresses individual and environmental risk factors in the development of adjustment problems and antisocial behaviour. Namely, temperament and character, anxiety, psychopathic-like traits, antisocial attitudes, alcohol use, and parental rearing strategies are explored as risk factors for behaviour problems in childhood, adolescence and adulthood. When interpreting results of specific studies, an ecological framework is applied to take into account socio-cultural and acculturation circumstances.

In Studies I and II, the subjects under investigation are incarcerated Russian detainees aged 14-19 years (n=250). The main purpose of Study I was to investigate the validity of the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD) in a sample of Russian juvenile delinquents. Study II examined the relationship between psychopathy and violent behaviour. An association between psychopathy and quality of life is explored in Study III, using a sample of Swedish early criminals and controls aged 38-41 years (n=199). In Study IV, international and national college students aged 17-51 years (n=246), are studied regarding perceived adjustment stressors and acculturational differences.

The results suggested good validity of the APSD in the Russian male detainees. Additionally, the results support a dimensional aspect of the psychopathy construct as measured by the PCL and APSD, and suggest that individual and environmental antecedents of psychopathy may differ between the distinct psychopathy factors. The more violent group showed higher levels of psychopathic traits and physical aggression, had more alcohol related problems, and perceived antisocial behavior as more ‘normative’. Moreover, impulsiveness, anger, verbal aggression and antisocial attitudes discriminated between the psychopathic and non-psychopathic subgroups. The results further indicated that self reported quality of life was poorer among individuals with psychopathic-like traits. Finally, grouping the detainees, criminals and controls, as well as the students according to their unique needs seemed to be beneficial, not only regarding psychopathic-like traits, violent behaviour and antisocial attitudes, but also in the context of acculturation and adjustment processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Psykologiska institutionen, 2008. 76 p.
Series
Health Equity Studies, ISSN 1651-5390 ; 11
Keyword
personality, antisocial behavior, violence, alcohol, culture, socialization, acculturation
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7757 (URN)978-91-7155-658-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-06-12, Aula Svea, Socialhögskolan, Sveaplan, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-05-21 Created: 2008-05-19 Last updated: 2010-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Väfors Fritz, Marieaf Klinteberg, Britt
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