Molecular code for protein insertion in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane is similar for N-in-C-out and N-out-C-in transmembrane helices
2008 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 105, no 41, 15702-15707 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Transmembrane alpha-helices in integral membrane proteins can have two orientations in the membrane: N(in)-C(out) or N(out)-C(in). Previous studies of model N(out)-C(in) transmembrane segment have led to a detailed, quantitative picture of the "molecular code" that relates amino acid sequence to membrane insertion efficiency in vivo [Hessa T, et al. (2007) Molecular code for transmembrane helix recognition by the Sec61 translocon. Nature 450:1026-1030], but whether the same code applies also to N(in)-C(out) transmembrane helices is unknown. Here, we show that the contributions of individual amino acids to the overall efficiency of membrane insertion are similar for the two kinds of helices and that the threshold hydrophobicity for membrane insertion can be up to approximately 1 kcal/mol lower for N(in)-C(out) compared with N(out)-C(in) transmembrane helices, depending on the neighboring helices.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 105, no 41, 15702-15707 p.
membrane protein, positive-inside rule, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, topology, translocon
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-14917DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0804842105ISI: 000260240900014PubMedID: 18840693OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-14917DiVA: diva2:181437