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Managerial leadership is associated with self-reported sickness absence and sickness presenteeism among Swedish men and women.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
2008 (English)In: Scand J Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, Vol. 36, no 8, 803-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Managerial leadership is associated with self-reported sickness absence and sickness presenteeism among Swedish men and women.

Nyberg A, Westerlund H, Magnusson Hanson LL, Theorell T.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. anna.nyberg@ki.se.

AIMS: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between managerial leadership and self-reported sickness absence/presenteeism among Swedish men and women. METHODS: Five thousand one hundred and forty-one Swedish employees, 56% of the participants in a nationally representative sample of the Swedish working population, were included in this cross-sectional questionnaire study. The leadership dimensions measured were five subscales of a standardized leadership questionnaire (Global Leadership and Organizational Behaviour Effectiveness Programme): Integrity, Team integration, Inspirational leadership, Autocratic leadership, and Self-centred leadership. Multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted, adjusting for factors in private life, employment category, labour-market sector, working conditions, self-reported general health, and satisfaction with life in general. RESULTS: Inspirational leadership was associated with a lower rate of short spells of sickness absence (<1 week) for both men and women. Autocratic leadership was related to a greater amount of total sick days taken by men. Sometimes showing integrity was associated with higher rate of sickness absence >1 week among men, and seldom showing integrity was associated with more sickness presenteeism among women. Managers performing Team integration were sometimes associated with women taking fewer short (<1 week) and long (>1 week) spells of sickness absence. Adjustment for self-reported general health did not alter these associations for men, but did so to some extent for women. CONCLUSIONS: Managerial leadership was found to be relevant for the understanding of sickness absence in the Swedish working population. There were distinctive gender differences.

PMID: 19004898 [PubMed - in process]

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Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 36, no 8, 803-11 p.
Keyword [en]
Gender, Health, Managerial leadership, Sickness absence, Sickness presenteeism, Working conditions
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-15012ISI: 000261827200004PubMedID: 19004898OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-15012DiVA: diva2:181532
Note
Internt publ.nr. P2696Available from: 2008-11-17 Created: 2008-11-17 Last updated: 2011-01-10Bibliographically approved

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PubMedhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=PubMed&cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=19004898&dopt=Citation

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