The Age of Female Displacement:: Challenges to Theories and Methodologies on Migration and its Impacts on Urban Planning
2008 (English)In: Bidrag till Forskarnätverket om transnationalism och diaspora: Årsmöte, 6-7 november 2008. Juristernas hus, Stockholm universitet, 2008Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Durant the last decenniums war and conflicts between nations have decreased substantially. Conflicts and civil wars within nations have instead increased, and with those the huge amount of internal displaced persons or internal refugees. A big proportion of the combatants in these wars are men, while women constitute the majority of survivors becoming in turn the main carers and bearers of the poverty and devastation that wars and internal conflicts generate. This paper aims to introduce a discussion on what this “new world” looks like pertaining this feminization of migration. The core question is to elucidate what challenges emerge at local places in this era of global female displacement for paraphrasing “The Age of migration” advanced by Castles and Miller (2003, Palgrave). The Age of female displacement emerges in a interconnected world that make international migration and its challenges more visible. Nevertheless, a problem is that as internationalization is at the core of the debate it hides the realities related to the local societies directly affected by the conflicts. Although transnational migrants achieve attention in the processes of discrimination, segregation and racism in more urbanised countries, the same attention to internal displaced persons become uncovered. This particularities on the debate on international migration generate a set of dichotomies like those along lines of regional and international migrants, political and economic migrants, rural and urban destinations, rich and poor nations, and so for. As such these dichotomies are at the core of a methodological nationalism that needs to be contested in order to see the extended complexity attached to migratory processes. This task can be conducted in two directions. At the first places by advancing a discussion on the pros and cons of cosmopolite methodologies that try to overcome nationalism. At the second place by applying an intersectionality approach to the different phenomena involved in the migratory process.
The paper will lay ground for an interconnection of experiences related to feminized displacement and segregation at two local places that methodological nationalisms may well try to keep apart from each other. The first place is located in Colombia, and the other in Sweden. The paper try to introduce an analysis about how people are working with gendered planning in these multicultural milieus that have emerged from the intensive resettlement of displaced persons. The attempt can inform on complementary perspectives on gender mainstreaming that inform both societies on how to deal with the feminization of migration, discrimination and segregation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
feminised migration, methodological nationalism, intersectionality, transversal research
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-15155OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-15155DiVA: diva2:181675